Alpha conditioning as an adjunct treatment for drug dependence: part I

Int J Addict. 1976;11(6):1085-9. doi: 10.3109/10826087609058830.


The effects of alpha conditioning on the habits of four methadone maintained patients were assessed. All four learned some control over alpha activity in the 5-week, 10-session training period. The most striking results, however, related to the subjects' substitution of self-initiated mental states associated with alpha for previously used drug-seeking or self-medicating methods of coping with everday problem situations. All four subject reported a decrease in illicit drug usage and an increased feeling of self-control. Verification of improvement in adjustment and drug abuse was shown by counseling reports and narcotic screens from the maintenance program.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alpha Rhythm*
  • Biofeedback, Psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*