Binding of soluble immune complexes to Raji lymphocytes. Role of receptors for complement components, C1q and C3-C3b

Immunology. 1978 Apr;34(4):751-61.


We have found that, although the binding of particulate antigen-antibody complement complexes such as EAC to lymphoblastoid Raji cells is mediated largely through receptors for C3b, the binding of complement-containing soluble complexes such as those prepared with aggregated human IgG (AHG) occurs also via receptors for C1q. Evidence supporting this conclusion included: (1) Binding of AHG to Raji cells takes place after incubation in EDTA serum; (2) Binding of AHG does not occur in C1q deficient EDTA serum but does take place after addition of C1q; (3) The extent of binding of AHG in EDTA serum is a function of the amount of C1q present; (4) Raji cells can bind up to 5-4 times 10(5) molecules of 125I C1q per cell which can be blocked by unlabelled C1q; (5) AHG pre-incubated with C can bind to a T-cell line MOLT, which lacks receptors for C3b but possesses receptors for C1q to the same extent as Raji cells; (6) Immunoassays for immune complexes in human sera yield similar results whether Raji cells, MOLT cells or C1q precipitation is used for assay; (7) EAC-Raji cell rosettes can be inhibited with inulin-treated, C1q deficient serum containing C3b or C3d whereas binding of AHG or immune complexes in patient samples to Raji or MOLT cells is not inhibited by this reagent. We conclude that receptors for C1q on certain B and T lymphocytes may play an important role in physiologic functions of lymphocytes depending on binding of soluble immune complexes to their surfaces.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antigen-Antibody Complex*
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / immunology
  • Cell Line
  • Complement C1 / immunology*
  • Complement C3 / immunology*
  • Complement C3b / immunology*
  • Edetic Acid / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / immunology
  • Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Solubility


  • Antigen-Antibody Complex
  • Complement C1
  • Complement C3
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Complement C3b
  • Edetic Acid