The validity of Mobley's (1977) model of employee turnover

Organ Behav Hum Perform. 1984 Oct;34(2):141-74. doi: 10.1016/0030-5073(84)90001-1.


Unlike earlier tests of an oversimplified version of this model, the validity of W. Mobley's (1977, Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 237-240) original turnover model was fully investigated. Constructs that were neglected in prior studies were assessed and previously examined constructs were operationalized with more reliable measures. Measures of all constructs in Mobley's model were obtained from a survey of 192 hospital employees. Turnover data were collected a year following survey administration. Following the theoretical causal ordering of Mobley's constructs, each construct was regressed on all causally prior constructs. In general, each construct was accurately predicted by the linear combination of predictors representing its causal determinants. In the majority of instances, the best predictor of a model construct was the construct's immediate causal antecedent. Further, an alternative model was evaluated and compared with Mobley's model using path analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Data Collection
  • Hospital Bed Capacity, 500 and over
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Pennsylvania
  • Personnel Management*
  • Personnel Turnover*
  • Personnel, Hospital / psychology*
  • Regression Analysis