Phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence for the transfer of Eubacterium aerofaciens to the genus Collinsella as Collinsella aerofaciens gen. nov., comb. nov

Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1999 Apr;49 Pt 2:557-65. doi: 10.1099/00207713-49-2-557.


Three strains of Eubacterium aerofacien, JCM 10188T, JCM 7790 and JCM 7791, and 178 freshly isolated strains of the Eubacterium aerofaciens group from human faeces were characterized by biochemical tests, cell wall peptidoglycan type and 16S rRNA analysis. The Eubacterium aerofaciens group was divided into four groups by fermentation patterns of sucrose and cellobiose, and were further divided into 16 sub-groups by fermentation patterns of aesculin, salicin and amygdalin. All of the strains of the Eubacterium aerofaciens group were shown to be phylogenetically distantly related to Eubacterium limosum, which is the type species of genus Eubacterium. Eubacterium aerofaciens was shown to have a specific phylogenetic association with Coriobacterium glomerans. All the strains belonging to Eubacterium aerofaciens resembled Coriobacterium glomerans in possessing a high G + C content (60 mol%). Cell wall analysis, however, revealed the presence of different A4 beta (L-Ala)-D-Glu-L-Orn-L-Asp peptidoglycan types. Based on a 16S rRNA sequence divergence of greater than 9% with Coriobacterium glomerans and the presence of a unique peptidoglycan type, a new genus, Collinsella, is proposed for Eubacterium aerofaciens, with one species, Collinsella aerofaciens. The type strain of Collinsella aerofaciens is JCM 10188T.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacteria, Anaerobic / classification*
  • Bacteria, Anaerobic / genetics
  • Bacteria, Anaerobic / isolation & purification
  • Bacteria, Anaerobic / physiology
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism
  • Cell Wall / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Eubacterium / classification*
  • Eubacterium / genetics
  • Eubacterium / isolation & purification
  • Eubacterium / physiology
  • Feces / microbiology*
  • Genes, rRNA
  • Gram-Positive Asporogenous Rods / classification*
  • Gram-Positive Asporogenous Rods / genetics
  • Gram-Positive Asporogenous Rods / physiology
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptidoglycan / analysis
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • Peptidoglycan
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB011814
  • GENBANK/AB011815
  • GENBANK/AB011816
  • GENBANK/AB011817