Protein dynamics simulations from nanoseconds to microseconds

Curr Opin Struct Biol. 1999 Apr;9(2):157-63. doi: 10.1016/S0959-440X(99)80022-0.


There have been a number of advances in atomic resolution simulations of biomolecules during the past few years. These have arisen partly from improvements to computer power and partly from algorithmic improvements. There have also been advances in measuring time-dependent fluctuations in proteins using NMR spectroscopy, revealing the importance of fluctuations in the microsecond to millisecond time range. Progress has also been made in measuring how far the simulations are able to represent the accessible phase space that is available to the protein in its native state, in solution, at room temperature. Another area of development is the simulation of protein unfolding at atomic resolution.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Denaturation
  • Protein Folding
  • Proteins / chemistry*
  • Thermodynamics


  • Proteins