Hereditary paragangliomas (PGL, glomus tumors, MIM no.168000) are mostly benign, slow-growing tumors of the head and neck region. The gene (or genes) affecting risk to PGL are subject to genomic imprinting: children of affected fathers exhibit an autosomal dominant pattern of disease inheritance, whereas children of affected mothers rarely if ever develop the disease through maternal transmission. We previously confined the disease gene to an approximately 6 Mb critical region on chromosome band 11q23 (PGL1). Based on haplotype analysis of an extended Dutch pedigree, a 2 Mb sub-region between D11S938 and D11S1885 was proposed as the PGL1 critical interval. In this study, we excluded this interval by analysis of two new single tandem repeat polymorphisms (STRP) contained therein. Instead, we predicted a non-overlapping, more proximal 2 Mb critical interval between D11S1647 and D11S897, and evaluated this new region using nine STRP (D11S1986, five new, closely-linked STRP, D11S1347, D11S3178, and D11S1987). Consistent with our prediction, we observed substantial haplotype-sharing within the Dutch pedigree. We also analyzed four new American PGL families. A recombination event detected in one family further defined D11S1347 as the new telomeric border. We observed significant haplotype-sharing within this new interval among three unrelated American PGL families, strongly suggesting that they originated from a common ancestor. Thus, we confined PGL1 to an approximately 1.5 Mb region between D11S1986 and D11S1347, and showed identity-by-descent sharing for a group of American PGL families.