Current practices in prenatal diagnosis of rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (RCDP) are reviewed. A case is presented with a family having one daughter affected with RCDP due to alkyldihydroacetonephosphate acyltransferase synthase (DHAPAT synthase) deficiency, and three subsequent pregnancies. Biochemical test values are presented for the pregnancies and daughter. Post-mortem tests of one fetus of a terminated pregnancy showed that radiologic examination could not make the diagnosis of RCDP. We conclude that biochemical or molecular testing is necessary to accurately diagnose this type of RCDP prenatally.