Oct-1 POU and octamer DNA co-operate to recognise the Bob-1 transcription co-activator via induced folding

J Mol Biol. 1999 May 21;288(5):941-52. doi: 10.1006/jmbi.1999.2711.


The expression of immunoglobulin genes is controlled in part by the DNA-binding protein Oct-1 and the B cell-specific transcription co-activator, Bob1 (also known as OCA-B or OBF-1) that together form a complex on the Igkappa promoter. We have characterised the assembly of the ternary complex using biophysical methods. Bob1 binds specifically as a monomer to the complex of the Oct-1 DNA-binding domain (Oct-1 POU) and the Igkappa promoter, but binds weakly to either Oct-1 POU or the Igkappa promoter alone, indicating that both are required to make an avid complex. Ternary complex formation requires a defined DNA sequence, as the stability of the complex can be strongly affected by a single base-pair change or by removing 5-methyl groups from selected thymine bases.In isolation, Bob1 appears to have little secondary structure, but may become partially structured upon recruitment into the ternary complex as demonstrated by circular dichroism spectra and calorimetry. These and other findings suggest that ternary complex formation requires a defined geometry of the POU/DNA complex, and that the co-activator makes stereo-specific contacts to both the POU protein and the major groove of the DNA that induces its fold.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence / physiology
  • Calorimetry
  • Circular Dichroism
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Host Cell Factor C1
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Genetic
  • Models, Molecular
  • Octamer Transcription Factor-1
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Thermodynamics
  • Time Factors
  • Trans-Activators / physiology*
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Host Cell Factor C1
  • Octamer Transcription Factor-1
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors