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, 193 (1-2), 149-52

Function of poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase in Response to DNA Damage: Gene-Disruption Study in Mice

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  • PMID: 10331651

Function of poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase in Response to DNA Damage: Gene-Disruption Study in Mice

M Masutani et al. Mol Cell Biochem.

Abstract

To elucidate the biological functions of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP, [EC 2.4.2.30]) in DNA damage responses, genetic and biochemical approaches were undertaken. By disrupting exon 1 of the mouse PARP gene by a homologous recombination, PARP-deficient mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell lines and mice could be produced without demonstrating lethality. PARP-/- ES cells showed complete loss of PARP activity and increased sensitivity to gamma-irradiation and an alkylating agents, indicating a physiological role for PARP in the response to DNA damage. p53, a key molecule in cellular DNA damage response, was found to stimulate PARP activity and became poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated in the presence of damaged DNA. However, PARP-/- ES cells showed p21 and Mdm-2 mRNA induction following gamma-irradiation, indicating that PARP activity is not indispensable for p21 and Mdm-2 mRNA induction in the established p53-cascade. On the other hand, in a reconstituted reaction system, purified PARP from human placenta suppressed the pRB-phosphorylation activity in the presence of NAD and damaged DNA. Human PARP expressed in E. coli showed a similar effect on pRB-phosphorylation activity of cdk2. These findings suggest a direct involvement of PARP in the regulation of cdk activity for cell-cycle arrest.

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