A simple and rapid enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method for quantitation of acrolein and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE)-modified proteins was developed. Microtiter plate wells were precoated and blocked simultaneously with epitope-bound bovine caseins as matrix proteins, and aldehyde-modified proteins were quantitated by a competition assay with a monoclonal antibody specific for acrolein-modified lysine or HNE-modified histidine epitopes. Minimal reaction times required for the coating/blocking; first monoclonal antibody and the peroxidase-conjugated second antibody binding steps were 3, 3, and 7 min, respectively, the former two steps being found to be or akin to diffusion-rate-limiting reactions. The convenient ELISA should find an application for analyses of the intricate processes involved in oxidative stress and carcinogenic insult. The epitope-attachment methodology may also be advantageous for the quantitation of various other biologically important haptenic molecules.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.