The G protein-coupled receptor kinase family comprises six members (GRK1 to GRK6) that phosphorylate and desensitize a number of agonist-occupied G protein-coupled receptors. Overexpression of the dominant negative mutant GRK2-K220R is often accompanied by an inhibition of the agonist-mediated phosphorylation of G protein-coupled receptors. In the case of the C5a receptor (C5aR), the overexpression of wild-type GRK2 or GRK6 as well as of catalytically inactive forms of these kinases (GRK2-K220R and GRK6-K215R) failed to increase or to inhibit the agonist-mediated phosphorylation of C5aR, respectively. Replacement of Lys215 by an arginine residue in GRK6 yielded a protein with a relative molecular mass of 63 kDa, whereas wild-type GRK6 had a relative molecular mass of 66 kDa on polyacrylamide gel. The mutations S484D and T485D in the catalytically inactive mutant GRK6-K215R resulted in a protein (GRK6-RDD) with the same electrophoretic mobility as wild-type GRK6. Furthermore, in the absence of phosphatase inhibitors, GRK6 was rapidly converted into the 63 kDa species, whereas GRK6-RDD was not. Overepression of GRK6-RDD failed to alter the agonist-mediated phosphorylation of C5aR. Taken together, the results suggest that C5aR is not a substrate for either GRK2 or GRK6 and that GRK6 is very likely autophosphorylated on Ser484 and Thr485 in vivo.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.