Weight fluctuations could increase blood pressure in android obese women

Clin Sci (Lond). 1999 Jun;96(6):677-80. doi: 10.1042/cs0960677.


Recent studies have documented a relationship between increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases and a history of weight cycling (WC) in obese subjects. We performed a cross-sectional analysis in 96 weight-cycling android obese women, matched with 96 non-weight-cycling android obese women by age, body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), to evaluate any increase in blood pressure (BP) levels in association with WC. The patients were all between 20 and 45 years old, were non-menopausal, did not smoke, did not take any medication, had normal glucose tolerance and were otherwise healthy. A history of WC was established on the basis of at least five weight losses in the previous 5 years due to dieting, with a weight loss of at least 4.5 kg per cycle. We documented higher levels of casual BP in the weight-cycling obese compared with the non-weight-cycling subjects: 147+/-12/90+/-8 mmHg versus 125+/-14/79+/-8 mmHg (P<0.001). The women with WC showed a statistically significant positive correlation between BP and age, weight, BMI, waist circumference, WHR, total weight regained and weight cycling index (WCI). However, in a multiple regression model only the WHR and WCI contributed significantly to the BP variability. These findings could support the hypothesis that it is the combined exposure of central-type obesity and WC that strongly raises the prediction of hypertension.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Body Weight / physiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet, Reducing
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / diet therapy
  • Obesity / physiopathology*
  • Periodicity
  • Weight Loss