A call to arms: the emergency physician, international perspectives on firearm injury prevention and the Canadian gun control debate

J Emerg Med. May-Jun 1999;17(3):529-37. doi: 10.1016/s0736-4679(99)00034-7.


There are more than seven million firearms in Canada and approximately 1400 firearm-related deaths per year. These figures are far greater than those for most European countries, but far less than those for the United States. This article will discuss the different classes of firearm deaths and the associated costs. Public health issues will be explored, especially as they relate to the involvement of the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians, as well as injury control recommendations.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents / mortality
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Female
  • Firearms / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Health Care Costs
  • Homicide / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Public Health / statistics & numerical data*
  • Public Policy*
  • Societies, Medical
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data
  • Wounds, Gunshot / economics
  • Wounds, Gunshot / mortality*
  • Wounds, Gunshot / prevention & control*