Fatal cardiac tamponade as a late complication of central venous catheterization: a case report

Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Apr;9(2):113-5. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1072224.


Central venous catheterization is a reliable technique in neonatal surgery. Nevertheless, the rate of mechanical catheter-related complications remains high. We report a neonate with gastroschisis in which the successful placement of a central venous catheter was followed later by a cardiac tamponade with a fatal outcome. This complication occurred without perforation of the cardiac wall. A similar finding has been reported in only one other pediatric patient. Vigilant observation is required in any neonate with a central venous line in place to prevent the occurrence of this life-threatening event.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Tamponade / etiology*
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Gastroschisis
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Time Factors