Restaurant employment before and after the New York City Smoke-Free Air Act

J Public Health Manag Pract. 1999 Jan;5(1):22-7. doi: 10.1097/00124784-199901000-00005.


The purpose of this study was to observe trends in the number of restaurants and restaurant employees two years before and two years after the New York City Smoke-Free Air Act took effect in April, 1995. Between April 1993 and April 1997, New York City added 19,347 new restaurant jobs (18% increase) while the rest of the state outside the immediate metropolitan area added 7,423 new jobs (5% increase). The rate of growth in the number of restaurants was comparable among New York City, neighboring counties, and the rest of the state. The data suggest that the New York City Smoke-Free Air Act did not result in job losses for the city's restaurant industry.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Employment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Policy / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Humans
  • New York City
  • Restaurants / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Smoking / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution