The [14C]deoxyglucose method for quantitative determination of local cerebral glucose utilization was extended to the macaque monkey. The necessary constants required by its operational equation were evaluated. The lumped constant, measured in 7 normal conscious monkeys, was found to equal 0.344 (SEM, +/- 0.036). The rate constants were also estimated and found to be very similar to those obtained previously in the rat. With these essential constants evaluated, the method was applied to normal conscious monkeys. Local cerebral glucose utilization was found to vary marked throughout the brain but to fall within two distributions, a higher one in gray matter and lower one in white matter. In general, the values fell in a range to be expected from previous measurements of average energy metabolism in the brain as a whole. The values were considerably lower than those observed previously in the conscious rat. Marked heterogeneity of rates of glucose utilization were observed in a number of anatomical structures. In some cases the patterns of heterogeneity were consistent with known histological cytoarchitecture; in others the heterogeneity did not conform with known cytoarchitectural features but corresponded to patterns previously demonstrated by electrophysiological techniques. Many of the regions of the cerebral cortex showed columnar patterns of distribution of higher and lower rates of glucose utilization. These may be a metabolic reflection of the columnar organization of function within the cerebral cortex.