In vitro and in vivo wound healing activity of asiaticoside isolated from Centella asiatica

J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Apr;65(1):1-11. doi: 10.1016/s0378-8741(98)00141-x.


The activity of asiaticoside, isolated from Centella asiatica, has been studied in normal as well as delayed-type wound healing. In guinea pig punch wounds topical applications of 0.2% solution of asiaticoside produced 56% increase in hydroxyproline, 57% increase in tensile strength, increased collagen content and better epithelisation. In streptozotocin diabetic rats, where healing is delayed, topical application of 0.4% solution of asiaticoside over punch wounds increased hydroxyproline content, tensile strength, collagen content and epithelisation thereby facilitating the healing. Asiaticoside was active by the oral route also at 1 mg/kg dose in the guinea pig punch wound model. It promoted angiogenesis in the chick chorioallantoic membrane model at 40 microg/disk concentration. These results indicate that asiaticoside exhibits significant wound healing activity in normal as well as delayed healing models and is the main active constituent of Centella asiatica.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Administration, Topical
  • Animals
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Chick Embryo
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Models, Biological
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Streptozocin / pharmacology
  • Time Factors
  • Triterpenes / therapeutic use*
  • Wound Healing / drug effects*
  • Wounds and Injuries / metabolism
  • Wounds and Injuries / pathology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / surgery


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Plant Extracts
  • Triterpenes
  • Streptozocin
  • asiaticoside