Characterization of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene [correction of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate gene] and the use of its promoter for heterologous expression in Cryptococcus neoformans, a human pathogen

Gene. 1999 May 31;232(2):155-63. doi: 10.1016/s0378-1119(99)00132-8.


The GPD gene encoding glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase was isolated from Cryptococcus neoformans, a heterobasidiomycetous yeast that is pathogenic to humans. The gene contains 11 introns, differing from the conserved intron positions found in the GPD genes of Basidiomycetes. The predicted amino-acid sequence of this gene is extremely similar to that reported from GPD proteins of other basidiomycetes. The promoter region of the C. neoformans GPD gene was similar to those of other basidiomycetes. Plasmid constructs containing up to 1600 base pairs upstream of the native GPD open reading frame were used to express either the native URA5 gene in a ura5 mutant or the heterologous hphI gene (a bacterial gene that confers resistance to the aminoglycoside hygromycin) in a wild-type strain of C. neoformans. Transformation frequencies resulting from the plasmid-borne Gpdp::URA5 gene were at levels similar to those of the native URA5, which suggested that all the sequences necessary for proper expression were present. Transformation frequencies using the Gpdp::hphI gene constructs were poor. However, addition of DNA sequences flanking the 3'-end of an native C. neoformans gene significantly improved the transformation frequencies resulting from the expression of the heterologous hphI gene.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cryptococcus neoformans / enzymology*
  • Cryptococcus neoformans / genetics*
  • Cryptococcus neoformans / pathogenicity
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases / biosynthesis
  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases / chemistry*
  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA


  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF106950