Toward creating physician-healers: fostering medical students' self-awareness, personal growth, and well-being

Acad Med. 1999 May;74(5):516-20. doi: 10.1097/00001888-199905000-00017.


To restore the "humanism" in medical care, medical education needs to espouse the goal of creating physician-healers. Critical, and often neglected, factors in healing are the personal development and well-being of the healer. Unexamined attitudes and biases and personal stress can interfere with patient care. Personal awareness and well-being can contribute to physicians' using their emotional reactions to patients for their patients' benefit. The authors suggest goals and objectives for medical education that can promote trainees' self-awareness, personal growth, and well-being, and comment on how medical educators might achieve and evaluate these goals and objectives.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Awareness*
  • Education, Medical / standards*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Physician-Patient Relations*
  • Students, Medical / psychology*