Hypothesis: is renal allograft rejection initiated by the response to injury sustained during the transplant process?

Kidney Int. 1999 Jun;55(6):2157-68. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00491.x.


Allograft rejection can be caused by numerous factors such as damage to the donor kidney during surgical removal or implantation, injury sustained during the transport process between the donor and recipient, and suboptimal allograft perfusion during the intra- and post-operative period. In cadaveric allografts, damage can occur during cold storage, during the transit stage between donor and recipient, and hemodynamic instability due to the initial damage that caused its removal from the donor (such as brain death or trauma). We hypothesize that rejection requires recognition of this injury in addition to recognition of alloantigens. If indeed injury proves to be one factor in acute rejection episodes, then therapeutic efforts can be made to reduce injury during the transplantation process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cell Differentiation
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology
  • Graft Rejection / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / etiology
  • Inflammation / immunology
  • Ischemia / etiology
  • Ischemia / immunology
  • Isoantigens
  • Kidney / blood supply
  • Kidney / immunology
  • Kidney / injuries
  • Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects*
  • Kidney Transplantation / immunology
  • Living Donors
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Models, Biological
  • T-Lymphocytes / cytology
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology


  • Isoantigens