Dorsal and ventral retinal territories defined by retinoic acid synthesis, break-down and nuclear receptor expression

Mech Dev. 1999 Apr;82(1-2):119-30. doi: 10.1016/s0925-4773(99)00022-2.

Abstract

Determination of the dorso-ventral dimension of the vertebrate retina is known to involve retinoic acid (RA), in that high RA activates expression of a ventral retinaldehyde dehydrogenase and low RA of a dorsal dehydrogenase. Here we show that in the early eye vesicle of the mouse embryo, expression of the dorsal dehydrogenase is preceded by, and transiently overlaps with, the RA-degrading oxidase CYP26. Subsequently in the embryonic retina, CYP26 forms a narrow horizontal boundary between the dorsal and ventral dehydrogenases, creating a trough between very high ventral and moderately high dorsal RA levels. Most of the RA receptors are expressed uniformly throughout the retina except for the RA-sensitive RARbeta, which is down-regulated in the CYP26 stripe. The orphan receptor COUP-TFII, which modulates RA responses, colocalizes with the dorsal dehydrogenase. The organization of the embryonic vertebrate retina into dorsal and ventral territories divided by a horizontal boundary has parallels to the division of the Drosophila eye disc into dorsal, equatorial and ventral zones, indicating that the similarities in eye morphogenesis extend beyond single molecules to topographical patterns.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aldehyde Oxidoreductases / genetics
  • Aldehyde Oxidoreductases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Body Patterning
  • COUP Transcription Factor II
  • COUP Transcription Factors
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Drosophila / growth & development
  • Eye / growth & development
  • Female
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Mice
  • Pregnancy
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Retinoic Acid / genetics
  • Receptors, Retinoic Acid / metabolism
  • Receptors, Steroid*
  • Retina / embryology*
  • Retina / metabolism*
  • Retinal Dehydrogenase
  • Retinoic Acid 4-Hydroxylase
  • Retinoid X Receptors
  • Species Specificity
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Tretinoin / metabolism*

Substances

  • COUP Transcription Factor II
  • COUP Transcription Factors
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nr2f2 protein, mouse
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Receptors, Retinoic Acid
  • Receptors, Steroid
  • Retinoid X Receptors
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tretinoin
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Retinoic Acid 4-Hydroxylase
  • Aldehyde Oxidoreductases
  • Retinal Dehydrogenase