The German Society for General Practice/Family Medicine (DEGAM) has launched a project to develop and implement national guidelines for general practice accordingly to international models. Guidelines are seen as statements to assist practitioners and patients in deciding about appropriate, effective and efficient health care. They should be evidence-based, feasible for primary care practices, and purposefully addressing to physicians as well as practice staff and patients. The development follows a comprehensive and well-structured programme (10 stages) which requires the appraisal of medical evidence, the involvement of experienced general practitioners on various stages (primary review, feasibility testing), and comments of concerned specialists, before a guideline is promulgated. Implementation of each guideline is promoted by at least five tools (full text, quick reference guide, telephone card for practice staff; patient leaflet, and information-prescription--"infozept"). Methodological quality is checked for the first time in Germany according to the standards of the German Agency for Quality Assurance. Different targets and criteria for evaluation of guidelines in primary care are mandatory part of the DEGAM-concept.