The authors previously identified a silencer of the rat IGFBP-2 gene. Sequence examination of the silencer has revealed that it contains the target sequence for the pRb (retinoblastoma) tumour suppressor gene, referred to as the retinoblastoma control element (RCE) which is frequently found in the regulatory element of cellular oncogenes and growth factors. The presence of RCE suggests that the IGFBP-2 gene may be regulated by the pRb tumour suppressor gene. An in vitro gel retardation assay has shown that the putative RCEs from the IGFBP-2 gene are complexed with multiple nuclear factors from the rat liver BRL-3A cells. These DNA-protein complexes were not detected with the nuclear extracts from the cells that were growth arrested at the G1/S border of the cell cycle by high cell density. Using specific antibodies, Sp1 was shown to be one of the components for the multiple DNA-protein complex while pRb does not appear to be directly involved in the formation of the complex.