Only the non-glycosylated fraction of hepatitis E virus capsid (open reading frame 2) protein is stable in mammalian cells

J Gen Virol. 1999 May;80 ( Pt 5):1185-1188. doi: 10.1099/0022-1317-80-5-1185.

Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a non-enveloped, positive-strand RNA virus, with the genome encoding three open reading frames (ORFs) of which ORF 2 directs translation of the capsid protein, PORF2. Following pulse-labelling and cell fractionation of PORF2 expressed in mammalian cells using the Semliki Forest virus replicon, the capsid protein was detected as three major species of 78 (PORF2), 82 and 86 kDa, with P82 and P86 being N-glycosylated (gPORF2 and ggPORF2, respectively). Although gPORF2 and ggPORF2 species represented 79% of total PORF2 after 20 min metabolic labelling and were largely membrane-associated, the glycosylated PORF2 species were much less stable than non-glycosylated PORF2, which was present in the cytosol and represented the major product accumulated in the cell. In the absence of detectable surface expression or export of PORF2, this suggests that glycosylated ORF 2 proteins may not be intermediates in HEV capsid assembly.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Baculoviridae / genetics
  • Capsid / chemistry*
  • Capsid / metabolism*
  • Capsid Proteins*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Glycoproteins / chemistry*
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Glycosylation
  • Hepatitis E virus / genetics
  • Hepatitis E virus / metabolism*
  • Open Reading Frames / genetics*
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational*
  • Replicon
  • Semliki forest virus / genetics
  • Spodoptera
  • Virus Assembly

Substances

  • Capsid Proteins
  • Glycoproteins