Structural properties of matrix metalloproteinases

Cell Mol Life Sci. 1999 Apr;55(4):639-52. doi: 10.1007/s000180050320.


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in extracellular matrix degradation. Their proteolytic activity must be precisely regulated by their endogenous protein inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Disruption of this balance results in serious diseases such as arthritis, tumour growth and metastasis. Knowledge of the tertiary structures of the proteins involved is crucial for understanding their functional properties and interference with associated dysfunctions. Within the last few years, several three-dimensional MMP and MMP-TIMP structures became available, showing the domain organization, polypeptide fold and main specificity determinants. Complexes of the catalytic MMP domains with various synthetic inhibitors enabled the structure-based design and improvement of high-affinity ligands, which might be elaborated into drugs. A multitude of reviews surveying work done on all aspects of MMPs have appeared in recent years, but none of them has focused on the three-dimensional structures. This review was written to close the gap.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Catalytic Domain
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / chemistry*
  • Hemopexin / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Metalloendopeptidases / chemistry*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Conformation*
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases / chemistry


  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases
  • Hemopexin
  • Metalloendopeptidases