The protooncogene c-myc regulates cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis, and its aberrant expression is frequently observed in human cancer. However, the consequences of activating c-Myc in an adult tissue, in which these cellular processes are part of normal homeostasis, remain unknown. In order to achieve this, we have targeted expression of a switchable form of the c-Myc protein to the skin epidermis, a well characterized homeostatic tissue. We show that activation of c-MycER in adult suprabasal epidermis rapidly triggers proliferation and disrupts differentiation of postmitotic keratinocytes. Sustained activation of c-Myc is sufficient to induce papillomatosis together with angiogenesis--changes that resemble hyperplastic actinic keratosis, a commonly observed human precancerous epithelial lesion. All these premalignant changes spontaneously regress upon deactivation of c-MycER.