Treatment with temozolomide and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors induces early apoptosis and increases base excision repair gene transcripts in leukemic cells resistant to triazene compounds

Leukemia. 1999 Jun;13(6):901-9. doi: 10.1038/sj.leu.2401423.


Methylating triazenes have shown marked antileukemic effects, possibly through generation of a variety of DNA adducts. Cells tolerant to O6-methylguanine due to a defect in the mismatch repair system (MRS), might become sensitive to other methyl adducts, by inhibiting the N-methylpurine repair, which requires base excision repair (BER) and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PADPRP). Therefore, MRS-deficient Jurkat leukemic cells resistant to methylating triazenes, have been treated with temozolomide (TZM) and PADPRP inhibitors. Expression of PADPRP or molecules involved in the BER system [3-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase (MPG) and X-ray repair cross-complementing 1 (XRCC1)], have been explored. Cytotoxic effects of TZM associated with PADPRP inhibitors are evident shortly after treatment, suggesting that completion of cell division is not required for the lethal effect of the drug combination. Increase of PADPRP or MPG transcripts was found after treatment with TZM alone or combined with PADPRP inhibitor. XRCC1 transcript was positively modulated only in the case of drug combination. This could suggest that in the presence of PADPRP inhibitor, persistence of DNA damage triggers XRCC1 transcription. Our results suggest that association of TZM and PADPRP inhibitors might be of benefit for MRS-deficient malignancies unresponsive to the methylating agent.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / pharmacology*
  • Apoptosis*
  • Benzamides / pharmacology*
  • DNA Glycosylases*
  • DNA Ligases / analysis
  • DNA Ligases / genetics
  • DNA Repair / drug effects*
  • Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Dacarbazine / pharmacology
  • Drug Interactions
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Guanine / analogs & derivatives
  • Guanine / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Jurkat Cells
  • Leukemia / drug therapy*
  • Leukemia / enzymology
  • Leukemia / genetics
  • N-Glycosyl Hydrolases / physiology
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors*
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Temozolomide
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
  • Triazenes / pharmacology


  • Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
  • Benzamides
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Triazenes
  • Guanine
  • Dacarbazine
  • 3-aminobenzamide
  • O-(6)-methylguanine
  • DNA Glycosylases
  • N-Glycosyl Hydrolases
  • DNA-3-methyladenine glycosidase II
  • DNA Ligases
  • Temozolomide