Peptides derived from the melanoma-associated MART-1/Melan-A antigen are currently implemented in immunotherapy for inducing or augmenting T-cell responses directed against peptides expressed by autologous tumor cells in HLA-A2+ patients with melanoma. Here, we describe the specificity of the T-cell clone SK29-FFM1.1, which secretes GM-CSF in response to a panel of synthetic MART-1/Melan-A-derived peptides, including the naturally presented ILTVILGVL(32-40), but exhibits cytotoxicity and IFN-gamma secretion exclusively to the MART-1/Melan-A derived peptide AAGIGILTV(27-35). In addition, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clone SK29-FFM1.1 recognizes 3 different naturally processed and presented peptides on HLA-A2+ MART-1/Melan-A+ melanoma cells, as defined by cytotoxicity and IFN-gamma and GM-CSF secretion. Processing and presentation of MART-1/Melan-A peptides appears to be different in cells of non-melanocytic origin, as shown by the characterization of naturally presented peptides displayed by HLA-A2+ colorectal cancer cells transduced with a MART-1/Melan-A gene-containing retrovirus. Our data suggest that multiple epitopes, including ILTVILGVL and different isoforms of AAGIGILTV derived from MART-1/Melan-A may be naturally presented by melanoma cells to the immune system.