Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of revascularization on survival in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) due to ischemic left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction based on the presence of myocardial viability (MV).
Background: There are insufficient data regarding the survival benefit of revascularization in patients with CHF due to ischemic LV systolic dysfunction.
Methods: Follow-up was obtained in 87 consecutive patients with CHF due to ischemic LV systolic dysfunction (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class II-IV; LV ejection fraction <0.35) who underwent low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (DE). MV within each of 12 myocardial segments representing the LV was defined as having either: 1) normal function or mild dyssynergy at rest; 2) severe resting dyssynergy that improved on DE, or 3) worsening of function on DE except in the case of akinesia.
Results: At a mean follow-up of 40+/-17 months, 37 patients had received revascularization on the basis of clinical grounds, and there were 22 (25%) cardiac-related deaths. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that when patients with at least five segments showing MV underwent revascularization, mortality was reduced by an average of 93% (confidence interval of 22% to 99%), which was associated with improvement in NYHA class as well as LV ejection fraction. Patients with less than five segments showing MV who underwent revascularization (and thus, showing mostly scar), and those with at least 5 segments demonstrating MV who were treated medically, had a much higher mortality.
Conclusions: Revascularization produces a clear survival benefit in patients with CHF due to ischemic LV systolic dysfunction who have a significant region of the LV demonstrating MV. These data may have wide-ranging implications in the management of patients with coronary artery disease whose main clinical presentation is CHF.