Kinetic profile of the rat CYP4A isoforms: arachidonic acid metabolism and isoform-specific inhibitors

Am J Physiol. 1999 Jun;276(6):R1691-700. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.1999.276.6.R1691.


20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE), the cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 4A omega-hydroxylation product of arachidonic acid, has potent biological effects on renal tubular and vascular functions and on the control of arterial pressure. We have expressed high levels of the rat CYP4A1, -4A2, -4A3, and -4A8 cDNAs, using baculovirus and Sf 9 insect cells. Arachidonic acid omega- and omega-1-hydroxylations were catalyzed by three of the CYP4A isoforms; the highest catalytic efficiency of 947 nM-1. min-1 for CYP4A1 was followed by 72 and 22 nM-1. min-1 for CYP4A2 and CYP4A3, respectively. CYP4A2 and CYP4A3 exhibited an additional arachidonate 11,12-epoxidation activity, whereas CYP4A1 operated solely as an omega-hydroxylase. CYP4A8 did not catalyze arachidonic or linoleic acid but did have a detectable lauric acid omega-hydroxylation activity. The inhibitory activity of various acetylenic and olefinic fatty acid analogs revealed differences and indicated isoform-specific inhibition. These studies suggest that CYP4A1, despite its low expression in extrahepatic tissues, may constitute the major source of 20-HETE synthesis. Moreover, the ability of CYP4A2 and -4A3 to catalyze the formation of two opposing biologically active metabolites, 20-HETE and 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid, may be of great significance to the regulation of vascular tone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid / analogs & derivatives
  • 8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Arachidonic Acid / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Arachidonic Acid / metabolism*
  • Catalysis
  • Cell Line
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP4A
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism
  • Female
  • Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids / metabolism
  • Hydroxylation
  • Insecta
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism*
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / pharmacology
  • Oxidation-Reduction / drug effects
  • Protein Isoforms / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Fatty Acids
  • Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • 11,12-epoxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid
  • 20-hydroxy-5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP4A
  • 8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid