Update: outbreak of Nipah virus--Malaysia and Singapore, 1999

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1999 Apr 30;48(16):335-7.


During March 1999, health officials in Malaysia and Singapore, in collaboration with Australian researchers and CDC, investigated reports of febrile encephalitic and respiratory illnesses among workers who had exposure to pigs. A previously unrecognized paramyxovirus (formerly known as Hendra-like virus), now called Nipah virus, was implicated by laboratory testing in many of these cases. Febrile encephalitis continues to be reported in Malaysia but has decreased coincident with mass culling of pigs in outbreak areas. No new cases of febrile illness associated with Nipah virus infection have been identified in Singapore since March 19, 1999, when abattoirs were closed. This report summarizes interim findings from ongoing epidemiologic and laboratory investigations in Malaysia and Singapore.

MeSH terms

  • Abattoirs
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Animals
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Encephalitis, Viral / epidemiology*
  • Encephalitis, Viral / etiology
  • Fever
  • Humans
  • Malaysia / epidemiology
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Respirovirus / isolation & purification*
  • Respirovirus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Respirovirus Infections / transmission
  • Respirovirus Infections / veterinary
  • Singapore / epidemiology
  • Swine
  • Swine Diseases / transmission
  • Swine Diseases / virology