Adolescents need reproductive and sexuality-related health care. State and federal laws affect consent, confidentiality, and payment for services. State minor consent laws allow minors to consent based on the minor's status or the services sought. State and federal laws affect confidentiality of health information generally as well as programs for specific services, such as family planning or drug and alcohol abuse treatment. Medicaid, the new State Children's Health Insurance Program, and categorical funding programs are important funding sources. Adolescents' ability to use these sources for confidential reproductive and sexuality-related services is evolving. However, possible changes in federal law and the transition to managed care in both public and private insurance present significant challenges they may face in the future.