Current evaluation and management of vulvovaginitis

Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Jun;42(2):184-95. doi: 10.1097/00003081-199906000-00004.


There are many problems in the diagnosis and treatment of vaginitis. Often, the patient is not examined (telephone treatment) or examined improperly with lack of attention to the wet prep. In patients with recurrent vaginitis, it should not be assumed that the current infection is the same as a previous infection without a thorough examination. At times, there is an overuse of topical steroids for all vulvar symptoms or use of antifungals for all vulvar symptoms. The various abnormalities in vulvovaginitis have unique physical findings, laboratory tests, and treatments. It should be remembered that unusual conditions of the vagina and vulva may resemble vulvovaginitis. Many vulvar conditions must be considered when a patient reports discharge and itching. It is important to remember that if the treatment is not working, reconsider the diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ambulatory Care*
  • Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal* / diagnosis
  • Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal* / therapy
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / drug therapy
  • Recurrence
  • Trichomonas Vaginitis / diagnosis
  • Trichomonas Vaginitis / therapy
  • Vaginitis / diagnosis*
  • Vaginitis / therapy*
  • Vaginosis, Bacterial / diagnosis
  • Vaginosis, Bacterial / therapy
  • Vulvovaginitis / diagnosis
  • Vulvovaginitis / therapy