Prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of cardiovascular risk in a rural area

Aust J Rural Health. 1999 Feb;7(1):23-7. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1584.1999.00198.x.


Non-metropolitan areas have a higher mortality from cardiovascular disease than metropolitan areas. The study's aim was to establish the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in a rural area and identify their sociodemographic determinants. Adults, randomly selected from Ballarat's electoral rolls, were invited to complete a questionnaire and have their height, weight, blood pressure and fasting lipids measured. Three hundred and thirty-eight eligible persons participated (67% response). The data were analysed using logistic and multiple regression analyses. Increasing age was associated with hypertension, high plasma cholesterol, overweight/obesity, high plasma triglyceride levels and increasing plasma fibrinogen. Women were less likely to be overweight/obese and have a high plasma triglyceride. Not having completed high school was associated with hypertension, high plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels and physical inactivity. Smoking was associated with employment and being in a non-professional/managerial occupation. Rural health promotion initiatives should take account of the needs of these population subgroups.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / complications
  • Hypercholesterolemia / epidemiology*
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Hypertriglyceridemia / complications
  • Hypertriglyceridemia / epidemiology*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prevalence
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Health / statistics & numerical data*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Victoria / epidemiology