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Review
, 6 (2), 129-33

Menopause-related Oral Alveolar Bone Resorption: A Review of Relatively Unexplored Consequences of Estrogen Deficiency

Affiliations
  • PMID: 10374219
Review

Menopause-related Oral Alveolar Bone Resorption: A Review of Relatively Unexplored Consequences of Estrogen Deficiency

L Birkenfeld et al. Menopause.

Abstract

Objective: The alveolar processes of the maxilla and mandible provide the bony framework for tooth support. Osteoporotic changes of these bones may directly affect tooth stability and retention. This report reviews studies that have evaluated the relationship between systemic osteoporosis and oral alveolar bone mass as well as the effect of estrogen use on oral alveolar bone and tooth retention.

Design: Ten years (1989-1998) literature review.

Results: Studies reviewed demonstrate a positive correlation between systemic bone mass and systemic osteoporosis to oral bone resorption. Estrogen replacement therapy affects oral bone in a manner similar to the way it affects other sites.

Conclusions: It is evident that postmenopausal estrogen users may retain more teeth after menopause. Sustained oral health and better tooth retention are potentially additional benefits for hormone replacement therapy users after menopause.

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