Nitrate regulation of metabolism and growth

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 1999 Jun;2(3):178-86. doi: 10.1016/S1369-5266(99)80033-8.


Recent research shows that signals derived from nitrate are involved in triggering widespread changes in gene expression, resulting in a reprogramming of nitrogen and carbon metabolism to facilitate the uptake and assimilation of nitrate, and to initiate accompanying changes in carbon metabolism. These nitrate-derived signals interact with signals generated further downstream in nitrogen metabolism, and in carbon metabolism. Signals derived from internal and external nitrate also adjust root growth and architecture to the physiological state of the plant, and the distribution of nitrate in the environment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Fungi / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / physiology
  • Nitrates / physiology*
  • Nitrogen / metabolism
  • Plant Development*
  • Plant Roots / growth & development
  • Plant Roots / metabolism
  • Plants / genetics
  • Plants / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction


  • Nitrates
  • Nitrogen