Doctors five: African-American contract surgeons in the Spanish-American War

Mil Med. 1999 Jun;164(6):435-41.


The role played by African-American contract surgeons during the Spanish-American War has been a neglected aspect of the war's medical history. These men left their civilian practices, as did their white colleagues, to serve in the U.S. Army for relatively (even for the time) little compensation. After the war, as "civilian employees," they were not even eligible for a pension. Patriotism motivated their call to arms.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • Historical Article
  • Portrait

MeSH terms

  • Black or African American / history*
  • Contract Services / history*
  • General Surgery / history*
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Military Medicine / history*
  • United States