This in vitro study quantified the marginal discrepancy of the implant-to-prosthetic-crown interface on nonsubmerged dental implants restored with either a cemented or a screw-retained approach. Metal-ceramic crowns were fabricated for 20 ITI 4.1 x 10 mm solid-screw titanium implants. Ten implants received octa abutments and screw-retained crowns fabricated on premachined gold cylinders. The remaining 10 implants were restored with 5.5-mm solid abutments and metal-ceramic crowns cemented alternately with a glass-ionomer or a zinc phosphate luting agent. Inspection of the implant-crown interface was conducted using light microscopy under x 50 magnification at selected stages in the process of crown fabrication. Statistical analysis revealed a significant difference (P < .001) in the mean marginal fit between screw-retained (8.5 +/- 5.7 microns) and luted implant-supported crowns. This difference was observed both before (54.4 +/- 18.1 microns) and after cementation with glass-ionomer (57.4 +/- 20.2 microns) or zinc phosphate (67.4 +/- 15.9 microns).