Purpose: We analyzed a large series of cases of renal oncocytoma to define the incidence of coexistent renal cell carcinoma, multifocality, bilateralism and metachronous tumor development.
Materials and methods: Between 1980 and 1997, 100 men and 38 women with a mean age of 68 years with oncocytoma, were treated surgically at our institution. We analyzed tumor characteristics and reviewed specimens for coexistent renal cell carcinoma.
Results: Tumors were discovered incidentally in 58% of the cases. Specimens were obtained from 84 radical and 70 partial nephrectomies. Tumor size ranged from 0.3 to 14.5 cm. (median 3.2). Oncocytoma was unilateral in 131 cases (95%) and bilateral in 7 (5%), while there were multiple oncocytomas in 8 (6%). Mean followup was 41 months (range 0 to 200). The disease specific survival rate was 100% and no patient had metastasis. In 6 patients (4%) metachronous oncocytoma developed during followup. No patient had locally recurrent oncocytoma after partial nephrectomy for a solitary renal oncocytoma. Renal cell carcinoma and oncocytoma were found in 14 patients (10%), including unilateral synchronous disease in 9 and bilateral synchronous disease in 5.
Conclusions: Our data support the benign nature of renal oncocytoma. Multifocality, bilateralism and metachronous tumor develop in approximately 4 to 6% of all cases. Renal cell carcinoma coexisted in 10% of oncocytoma cases.