Teaching an integrated approach to complementary, alternative, and mainstream therapies for children: a curriculum evaluation

J Altern Complement Med. 1999 Jun;5(3):261-8. doi: 10.1089/acm.1999.5.261.


Background: Increasing numbers of patients seek information about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) from their primary physicians. We sought to evaluate our 4-year old curriculum integrating mainstream and CAM care for common outpatient pediatric problems within a family medicine residency.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Methods: Subjects included current (1998) third-year residents and recent graduates from our program and nearby University of Washington-affiliated family medicine residency programs. The survey included items on training experiences, knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding CAM.

Results: Among the 18 respondents from our program and 21 from comparison programs, the average age was 32 years and one-third were male. Over 80% of respondents felt that residencies should provide training in CAM. Substantial numbers of respondents from all programs recommended CAM therapies to patients in the past year. All respondents had recommended special diets and nutritional supplements; more than 50% recommended herbal remedies, acupuncture, meditation or progressive relaxation, massage or home remedies. Respondents from all groups had similar attitudes and knowledge about integrative medicine; those from the intervention program were more likely than comparison respondents to agree that their residency training had prepared them to answer patients' questions about CAM (50% vs. 19%, p = 0.04).

Conclusions: Primary care residents increasingly seek training to answer patients' questions and are already recommending a variety of CAM therapies. Primary care residencies need to develop and evaluate responsible, evidence-based curricula integrating mainstream and CAM therapies.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Complementary Therapies / education*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Curriculum*
  • Education, Medical, Graduate*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Male
  • Pediatrics* / methods
  • Program Evaluation
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden