Effects of physical exercise in pre-and postmenopausal women on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant systems

Endocr Res. 1999 May;25(2):153-61. doi: 10.1080/07435809909066137.


The effects of moderate physical activity were studied in 19 postmenopausal and 25 premenopausal women on the enzymatic (superoxide dismutase and catalase) and non-enzymatic (vitamins A and E) antioxidant systems and on the processes of lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde), and to see whether there is any variation in oxidative stress indicators between the postmenopausal and non-menopausal women. The subjects were also studied anthropometrically. At the end of a training period, there was a decrease in body fat percentage and in various skin folds. Neither group presented a rise in lipid peroxidation levels, although there was a significant (p<0.05) rise in superoxide dismutase activity in the postmenopausal women.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antioxidants / metabolism*
  • Body Constitution
  • Catalase / blood
  • Erythrocytes / enzymology
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation*
  • Malondialdehyde / blood
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Postmenopause* / blood
  • Premenopause* / blood
  • Superoxide Dismutase / blood
  • Urea / blood
  • Vitamins / blood


  • Antioxidants
  • Vitamins
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Urea
  • Catalase
  • Superoxide Dismutase