Background: The sustained ultrafiltration achieved by icodextrin is more suited for the daytime dwell in automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) than glucose solutions.
Methods: Seventeen patients receiving APD underwent assessment using three different solutions for the daytime dwell: 2.27% glucose, 3.86% glucose and 7.5% icodextrin. Patients were then observed on icodextrin for a 6 month period.
Results: Daytime ultrafiltration was greater for 3.86% glucose (median 0.10, IQR 0.01 to 0.321) P<0.01 and icodextrin (median 0.26, IQR 0.14 to 0.361) P<0.001 than 2.27% glucose (median -0.19, IQR -0.54 to -0.081), with 3.86% glucose and icodextrin not being significantly different. Positive ultrafiltration occurred in 3/17 patients with 2.27% glucose, 13/17 patients with 3.86% glucose and 16/17 patients with icodextrin (chi2 P<0.0001). The difference in ultrafiltration of icodextrin and 3.86% glucose correlated with the 4 h dialysate/plasma creatinine ratio in a PET test (r = 0.51, P<0.05). Daytime Kt/V urea was greater for 3.86% glucose (median 0.27, IQR 0.20 to 0.48 per week, P<0.01) and icodextrin (median 0.31, IQR 0.27 to 0.49 per week, P<0.0001) than for 2.27% glucose (median 0.22, IQR 0.15 to 0.38 per week), with the difference between 3.86% glucose and icodextrin not reaching statistical significance (P = 0.06). Daytime creatinine clearance was greater for 3.86% glucose (median 10.2, IQR 6.9 to 13.61/week/1.73 m2, P<0.02) and icodextrin (median 12.1, IQR 9.3 to 15.71/week/1.73 m2, P<0.005) than for 2.27% glucose (median 8.8, IQR 4.9 to 11.91/week/1.73 m2). Daytime creatinine clearance was greater for icodextrin than for 3.86% glucose (P<0.005). The effects of icodextrin were sustained for the 6 month observation period.
Conclusions: Icodextrin produced enhanced ultrafiltration and clearances compared with 2.27% glucose, without the exposure of the peritoneum to hypertonic glucose solutions.