Localization of a centrin-like protein to higher plant plasmodesmata

Eur J Cell Biol. 1999 May;78(5):297-304. doi: 10.1016/S0171-9335(99)80063-6.

Abstract

Antibodies against centrin, the ubiquitous calcium-binding contractile protein, recognized a 17 kDa protein in extracts of onion root tips and cauliflower florets. Using immunofluorescence microscopy, anti-centrin antibodies were localized to the developing cell plate of onion and cauliflower root tip cells. In cauliflower florets, these antibodies localized to the walls in a punctate manner, consistent with the distribution of plasmodesmata as shown by colocalization with callose. Anti-centrin antibodies were localized to plasmodesmata of onion root tips and cauliflower florets with immunogold electron microscopy. Furthermore, this label was concentrated around the necks of plasmodesmata. In contrast, an antibody against calmodulin, which is a closely related calcium-binding protein, did not label plasmodesmata. We propose that centrin is a component of calcium-sensitive contractile nanofilaments in the neck region of plasmodesmata and facilitates the calcium-induced regulation of intercellular transport.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brassica / chemistry*
  • Brassica / ultrastructure
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / analysis*
  • Cell Wall / chemistry
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone*
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Onions / chemistry*
  • Onions / ultrastructure
  • Plant Extracts
  • Plant Proteins / analysis*
  • Plant Structures / chemistry

Substances

  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • Plant Extracts
  • Plant Proteins
  • caltractin