A PC12 variant lacking regulated secretory organelles: aberrant protein targeting and evidence for a factor inhibiting neuroendocrine gene expression

J Neurochem. 1999 Jul;73(1):21-30. doi: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.1999.0730021.x.


A variant of the PC12 pheochromocytoma cell line (termed A35C) has been isolated that lacks regulated secretory organelles and several constituent proteins. Northern and Southern blot analyses suggested a block at the transcriptional level. The proprotein-converting enzyme carboxypeptidase H was synthesised in the A35C cell line but was secreted by the constitutive pathway. Transient transfection of A35C cells with cDNAs encoding the regulated secretory proteins dopamine beta-hydroxylase and synaptotagmin I resulted in distinct patterns of mistargeting of these proteins. It is surprising that hybrid cells created by fusing normal PC12 cells with A35C cells exhibited the variant phenotype, suggesting that A35C cells express an inhibitory factor that represses neuroendocrine-specific gene expression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins*
  • Carboxypeptidase H
  • Carboxypeptidases / biosynthesis
  • Carboxypeptidases / metabolism
  • Clathrin / genetics
  • Dopamine beta-Hydroxylase / genetics
  • Dopamine beta-Hydroxylase / metabolism
  • Gene Expression / drug effects*
  • Gene Targeting
  • Hybrid Cells
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Mutation
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism*
  • Organelles / ultrastructure*
  • PC12 Cells / ultrastructure*
  • Rats
  • Synaptotagmin I
  • Synaptotagmins
  • Transfection


  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Clathrin
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Synaptotagmin I
  • Syt1 protein, rat
  • Synaptotagmins
  • Dopamine beta-Hydroxylase
  • Carboxypeptidases
  • Carboxypeptidase H