Multiple-dose pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of bosentan, an endothelin receptor antagonist, in healthy male volunteers

J Clin Pharmacol. 1999 Jul;39(7):703-14. doi: 10.1177/00912709922008344.


The multiple-dose pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of oral bosentan, a selective endothelin receptor antagonist, were investigated in healthy male volunteers. In study A, an ascending-dose, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, doses of 100, 200, 500, and 1000 mg bosentan or placebo were given once daily for 8 days as tablets (100 and 500 mg dose strength). In study B, a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 500 mg tablets of bosentan or placebo tablets were given once daily for 8 days with two additional single intravenous dose administrations of 250 mg bosentan 48 hours before the first and 24 hours after the last oral dose. The drug was very well tolerated. No effects on pulse rate, ECGs, or clinical laboratory tests were observed. Marginal effects on blood pressure were seen in subjects only when standing. The oral bioavailability of bosentan was 43% to 48%, with a small interindividual variability of 20%. Doses above 500 mg did not lead to significant further increases in plasma levels of bosentan. From the first to the last day of the oral treatment phase, plasma concentrations of bosentan decreased by 30% to 40% due to a 2-fold increase in plasma clearance. Absorption and plasma protein binding did not change. The 24-hour urinary excretion of 6 beta-hydroxycortisol was increased in parallel by approximately 1.7-fold, indicating induction of cytochrome P450 3A isozymes. The two metabolites of bosentan reached plasma concentrations well below those of bosentan and will most likely not contribute to the pharmacological activity.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Antihypertensive Agents / adverse effects
  • Antihypertensive Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Area Under Curve
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Bosentan
  • Diastole
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists*
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / chemically induced
  • Headache / chemically induced
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Pyrimidines / blood
  • Sulfonamides / adverse effects
  • Sulfonamides / blood
  • Sulfonamides / metabolism
  • Sulfonamides / pharmacokinetics*
  • Systole


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
  • Pyrimidines
  • Ro 47-8634
  • Ro 48-5033
  • Sulfonamides
  • Bosentan