Translating cell biology into therapeutic advances in Alzheimer's disease

Nature. 1999 Jun 24;399(6738 Suppl):A23-31. doi: 10.1038/399a023.


Studies of the molecular basis of Alzheimer's disease exemplify the increasingly blurred distinction between basic and applied biomedical research. The four genes so far implicated in familial Alzheimer's disease have each been shown to elevate brain levels of the self-aggregating amyloid-beta protein, leading gradually to profound neuronal and glial alteration, synaptic loss and dementia. Progress in understanding this cascade has helped to identify specific therapeutic targets and provides a model for elucidating other neurodegenerative disorders.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alzheimer Disease / drug therapy*
  • Alzheimer Disease / genetics
  • Alzheimer Disease / pathology
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor / genetics
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor / physiology
  • Animals
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / physiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phenotype
  • Presenilin-1
  • Presenilin-2


  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor
  • Membrane Proteins
  • PSEN1 protein, human
  • PSEN2 protein, human
  • Presenilin-1
  • Presenilin-2