Purpose: To investigate whether isoproterenol and forskolin, two adenylylcyclase activators, or 8-bromo-cAMP, an adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) analog, increase nitric oxide (NO) production in isolated porcine ciliary processes.
Methods: Nitrite (an NO metabolite) was measured (Griess reaction) before and 2 hours after exposure to 0.1 to 100 microM isoproterenol (a beta-adrenoreceptor agonist), 0.01 to 100 microM forskolin, or 0.1 to 1000 microM 8-bromo-cAMP. Some experiments were conducted in the presence of 0.5 mM N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; a nitric oxide synthase [NOS] inhibitor), 10 microM propranolol (a beta-adrenoreceptor antagonist), or 1 microM KT 5720 (a cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor). cAMP production was also measured (by immunoassay).
Results: Nitrite production was increased by isoproterenol (maximum, 10 microM: 164%; P < 0.001), forskolin (maximum, 10 microM: 254%; P < 0.001), and 8-bromo-cAMP (maximum, 100 microM: 184%; P < 0.001), an effect prevented by L-NAME (P < 0.05-0.001). Propranolol inhibited only isoproterenol-induced (10 microM) nitrite production (P < 0.05), whereas KT 5720 (P < 0.05) inhibited isoproterenol- (10 microM) and 8-bromo-cAMP-induced (10 microM) nitrite production. Furthermore, cAMP production evoked by isoproterenol (10 microM, P < 0.05) but not by forskolin (10 microM, P < 0.001) was inhibited by propranolol (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: In isolated porcine ciliary processes, drugs activating adenylylcyclase or mimicking cAMP increase the production of NO by a mechanism that appears to involve both a cAMP-dependent protein kinase and NOS.