Loss of Nkx2.1 homeobox gene function results in a ventral to dorsal molecular respecification within the basal telencephalon: evidence for a transformation of the pallidum into the striatum

Development. 1999 Aug;126(15):3359-70.

Abstract

The telencephalon is organized into distinct longitudinal domains: the cerebral cortex and the basal ganglia. The basal ganglia primarily consists of a dorsal region (striatum) and a ventral region (pallidum). Within the telencephalon, the anlage of the pallidum expresses the Nkx2.1 homeobox gene. A mouse deficient in Nkx2.1 function does not form pallidal structures, lacks basal forebrain TrkA-positive neurons (probable cholinergic neurons) and has reduced numbers of cortical cells expressing GABA, DLX2 and calbindin that migrate from the pallidum through the striatum and into the cortex. We present evidence that these phenotypes result from a ventral-to-dorsal transformation of the pallidal primordium into a striatal-like anlage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Body Patterning / genetics
  • Body Patterning / physiology
  • Cell Movement / genetics
  • Corpus Striatum / embryology
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Genes, Homeobox*
  • Globus Pallidus / embryology
  • Hedgehog Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics
  • Homeodomain Proteins / physiology
  • Interneurons / cytology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Nuclear Proteins / physiology
  • Phenotype
  • Pregnancy
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Telencephalon / embryology*
  • Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1
  • Trans-Activators*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / physiology

Substances

  • DNA Primers
  • Hedgehog Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Nkx2-1 protein, mouse
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors