Asthma education, action plans, psychosocial issues and adherence

Can Respir J. 1999 May-Jun;6(3):273-80. doi: 10.1155/1999/413547.


This article deals with four separate but not disparate topics. The first section discusses asthma education, reviews the current literature and attempts to challenge some of the dogma that is associated with this area. Knowledge alone does not guarantee appropriate behaviour, due to a variety of adverse socioeconomic and psychological factors that need to be considered for each patient. Action plans and peak flow monitoring have both been disappointing in terms of reducing asthma morbidity; the former needs to be individualized, and the latter may be useful in specific situations. Space precludes an in-depth discussion of psychological issues and adherence, but an attempt has been made to address salient issues, particularly related to the first two topics. Psychological factors, especially anxiety, play an important role in asthma outcome. Adherence to medication prescriptions and other management strategies need to be taken into account when an individual's treatment program is planned.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Asthma / psychology
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • New Zealand
  • Patient Compliance
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods*
  • Prognosis
  • Psychology
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Self Care / standards
  • Self Care / trends