Management of neuromuscular scoliosis

Orthop Clin North Am. 1999 Jul;30(3):435-49, viii. doi: 10.1016/s0030-5898(05)70096-1.


Neuromuscular scoliosis is classified as a neuropathic or myopathic type. Cerebral palsy is the most common form of neuropathic type, and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy best characterizes the principles and recommended treatment for the myopathic type. Nonoperative measures rarely fully control a progressive scoliosis. Careful preoperative planning and surgery can achieve a well-balanced spine over a level pelvis with a good functional result.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Muscular Dystrophies / complications
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / complications*
  • Scoliosis / diagnosis
  • Scoliosis / etiology
  • Scoliosis / therapy*